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Reasons You May Require a Gum Graft

Posted on 1/23/2017 by Todd Jorgenson
A woman in pain from gum disease.
A gum graft, also known as a gingival graft, is a procedure that takes tissue from your mouth, or from that of a donor, and covers any exposed tooth root surfaces. This procedure is done to treat a variety of oral health issues.

Types of Gum Grafts

There are four different types of gum grafts:

•  A connective-tissue graft is the most commonly used procedure. Tissue is taken from under the roof of the mouth and stitched to the affected areas of the gums. The flap created in the roof of your mouth is also stitched closed.
•  A free gingival graft uses the tissue directly from the roof of your mouth.
•  A pedicle graft uses surrounding healthy gum tissue.
•  Under some circumstances, your surgeon may find it best to use donor tissue rather than your own.

Reversing Gum Disease

Gum disease is a serious condition. As it progresses, it can lead to gum recession, as it quickly destroys delicate tissues. Recession can lead to tooth decay, bone loss and even tooth loss. After gum disease is treated, a gum graft can help stop and prevent further gum loss, leading to a healthier mouth.

Aids with Sensitivity
When your gums recede, the roots of your teeth become exposed. Exposed roots can lead to sensitivity, and a significant amount of discomfort, especially when they come into contact with extremely hot or cold foods and beverages. A gum graft covers these exposed roots, stopping sensitivity in its tracks.

Improves Appearance
Receding gums lead to more of the surface of your teeth being exposed. Because of this, your teeth appear longer, giving you a "toothy" smile. As an aesthetic procedure, a gum graft will restore the normal appearance of your teeth, making them smaller and even.

A gum graft is a great solution to reversing the effects of gum recession after treating gum disease. But a gum graft alone will not prevent gum recession from happening a second time. A proper oral hygiene regimen - brushing at least twice a day, flossing and visiting your dentist regularly - should be followed in order to keep your gums healthy.

Please contact our office if you have any questions about gum grafts.

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